The Doubting Thomas Research Foundation has conducted in-person research at Jabal Maqla in Saudi Arabia to examine the evidence. At this time, we are of the belief that this is the likeliest candidate for Mount Sinai. Click here to see our comprehensive website about Jabal Maqla and the evidence supporting it.
Jabal Maqla is sometimes described as a peak on the mountain range of Jabal al-Lawz in northwestern Saudi Arabia. Others refer to Jabal Maqla as an independent mountain.
Supporters of the Jabal Maqla/Jabal al-Lawz candidacy point to a multitude of topographical features that match the Biblical description of Mount Sinai, as well as archaeological findings in recent decades that appear to match what is described in the book of Exodus. The findings have been argued to match the golden calf worship site, the altar and 12 pillars constructed by Moses at the foot of the mountain, inscriptions of allegedly proto-Hebrew authorship, and other findings along with a possible route from the Red Sea Crossing to the mountain.
Advocates of this candidacy point to a split rock along a possible northern route to the mountain that arguably matches the “Rock of Horeb” story in the book of Exodus where God instructed Moses to strike a rock, causing streams of water to pour out as a water source for the thirsty Israelites. There is also a location that proponents argue is a match for Elim with its 12 wells and palms.
Researchers who support Jabal Maqla as Mount Sinai disagree over the exact spot where the Red Sea Crossing is said to have taken place. The most favored candidate is Egypt’s Nuweiba Beach, followed by the Straits of Tiran by Sharm el-Sheikh at the bottom of Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula.
This site is the candidate that is currently most favored by the Doubting Thomas Research Foundation (DTRF), the non-profit educational organization that established this website. DTRF emphasizes that its assessment is subject to change as more is learned and discussed.
DTRF continually researches the historicity of the Exodus, along with other topics related to synthesizing Biblical history and science with current historical and scientific understandings.